Programs used in web-mastering
So what kind of programs do you need? Below I will give specific categories of programs with explanations of why they are needed.
Raster graphics processing program
one of the most important programs that you have to master. She will help you when scanning photos and their correction. With this program you can create those unimaginable effects that you see on the Internet, ads, etc. In my opinion, the following skills are mandatory for this class of programs:
Correction of scanned and finished photos, including tone and color correction;
Ability to crop;
Understanding the differences in image file formats;
Proper use of filters;
Work with layers.
The following can be cited as specific programs:
Adobe PhotoShop 3.0-5.0 – this program is a leader in the field of graphics programs of this kind, but it requires the appropriate resources from your computer.
Paint Shop Pro 4.0-5.0 is, in my opinion, the best shareware program that, in addition, supports filters from Adobe PhotoShop and works very quickly with bulk (> 20M) photos. It can import and export images in 40-50 different formats.
You will have to do some work using different editors. There are no ideal editors, some do one thing better, some do another.
Vector Graphics Processing Software
Another important program for a designer. Allows you to create various logos, buttons, eye-catching labels, etc. from scratch or using a clip art. things. The principles of vector editors are very different from raster ones, so they will have to be mastered separately; but, having mastered them, you can at the same time be able to produce company business cards, letterheads, brochures (as a side effect :). You will need the following skills:
Ability to work with graphic objects (grouping, overlaying, receiving non-standard objects);
Ability to work with curves and curve nodes;
Ability to work with guides and mesh;
Ability to understand color models (RGB, CMYK, HSB);
Working with text – the ability to place it on any curve;
Proper use of gradients and fills (including fractal ones);
Proper use of effects.
Typical representatives of this class are Corel DRAW 7.0-8.0 and Adobe Illustrator – both of them are leaders in their fields and, accordingly, have the latest advances in vector graphics. In contrast to these heavyweights, you can recommend a nice and fast program Corel Xara !; let the word Corel not mislead you – this program was developed by XARA, which was bought by the corporation as one of its competitors. Now its second version is already available. This program, unlike the two previous ones, is very fast and small, but some effects and commands available in other programs are either difficult or impossible to make in it.
or browsers – there are currently only two browsers worth mentioning – these are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. Now the fifth versions of these programs are approaching, but, according to statistics, the most used are their fourth versions. Therefore, to control the appearance of your pages you will have to use them. Moreover, both versions must be on the computer. A good WEB-page should look the same in any of these browsers. I do not discourage you from using the latest HTML extensions and JAVA scripts, but make sure that owners of browsers that do not support these extensions can still read your page.
Simple text editor
will be needed to manually correct and add HTML-code, because existing visual editors cannot fully control the process of creating a web page (and if you are creating a page with a complex design, then you may have to write all the code in the editor;). As an example, you can use the usual Notepad from the standard Windows delivery or one HTML-editor that has built-in commands for checking the correct tags and document structure, for example, HoTMetaL.
they allow you to quickly develop simple web pages and adjust already written ones, but you need to be careful with them, because thanks to them, your page can look bad in another browser.
The best-known candidates are the Microsoft Front Page and Netscape Composer (or, in the earlier version, the editor built into the Netscape Navigator Gold package). Use one of them that you like best. Sometimes you will have to manually correct the code generated by these programs.
with the ability to check spelling – very useful for typing and correcting errors in recognized texts. As an example – the usual “Microsoft Word”.
Text recognition programs
can save you a lot of time by eliminating the manual typing of typed texts.